|Periode||1945 t/m 1999|
|Afmetingen||37 cm x 19 cm x 11 cm (h x b x d)|
Bambara Elefant Masks in Wood with old beads from Mali.
Hand carved from a single piece of wood.
High; 37 cm.
The professional standard is not included in the auction. You can order it there for 29.85 euros.
Taxatiewaarde; 150 - 200 euro
he Bambara numbering 2,500.000 million form the largest ethnic group within Mali. The triangle of the Bambara region, divided in two parts by the Niger River, constitutes the greater part of the western and southern Mali of today. The dry savanna permits no more than a subsistence economy, and the soil produces, with some difficulty, corn, millet, sorghum, rice, and beans. Their traditions include six male societies, each with its own type of mask. Initiation for men lasts for seven years and ends with their symbolic death and their rebirth. Nearly every Bambara man had to pass through these societies in succession, until, upon reaching the highest rank, he had acquired a comprehensive knowledge of ancestral traditions.
The jo society has become a sort of framework for other initiation society. Until a few decades ago, initiation was obligatory for every young man. Jo initiations take place every seven years, after candidates receive six years of special training. During this time, the young men go through a ritual death and live one week in the bush before returning to the village. There they publicly perform the dances and songsthey have learned in the bush, and receive small presents from spectators. After a ritual bath that signals the end of their animal life, the new initiates become “Jo children.”
Initially the ntomo was a society for uncircumcised boys. Today it closely resembles various Western associations in its bureaucratic structure and its administrative and membership fees. There are two main style groups of their masks. One is characterized by an oval face with four to ten horns in a row on top like a comb, often covered with cowries or dried red berries. The other type has a ridged nose, a protruding mouth, a superstructure of vertical horns, in the middle of which or in front of which is a standing figure or an animal. The ntomo masks with thin mouths underscore the virtue of silence and the importance of controlling one’s speech. During their time in ntomo the boys learn to accept discipline. They do not yet have access to the secret knowledge related to korè and other initiation societies.
|Garantie||Bij het plaatsen van het item verklaar ik mij akkoord met de garantievoorwaarden zoals deze gelden op Kunstveiling ten aanzien van een juiste omschrijving van het aangeboden item|
De verkoper neemt de volledige verantwoordelijkheid voor dit item. Kunstveiling biedt slechts het platform bij deze transactie, welke direct met de verkoper afgehandeld dient te worden. Meer informatie.
|Starttijd:||12-12-2020 om 13:10|
|Eindtijd:||20-12-2020 om 15:30|