Thomas Ruff (1958)
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Thomas Ruff (1958)

Thomas Ruff (1958)


Thomas Ruff (born 10 February 1958) is a German photographer who lives and works in New York City. Thomas Ruff, one of six children, was born in 1958 in Zell am Harmersbach in the Black Forest, Germany. In the summer of 1974, Ruff acquired his first camera and after attending an evening class in the basic techniques of photography he started to experiment, taking shots similar to those he had seen in many amateur photography magazines.

During his studies in Düsseldorf and inspired by the lectures of Benjamin HD Buchloh, Ruff developed his method of conceptual serial photography. Ruff began photographing landscapes, but while he was still a student he transitioned to the interiors of German living quarters, with typical features of the 1950s to 1970s. This was followed by similar views of buildings and portraits of friends and acquaintances from the Düsseldorf art and music scene, initially in small formats.

Ruff studied photography from 1977 to 1985 with Bernd and Hilla Becher at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf (Düsseldorf Art Academy), where fellow students included the photographers Andreas Gursky, Candida Höfer, Thomas Struth, Angelika Wengler, and Petra Wunderlich. In 1982, he spent six months at the Cité Internationale des Arts in Paris. In 1993, he was a scholar at Villa Massimo in Rome.

Work Commenting on his influences, Ruff said, "My teacher Bernd Becher, showed us photographs by Stephen Shore, Joel Meyerowitz and the new American colour photographers." He is often compared with other members of a prominent generation of European photographers that includes Thomas Struth, Andreas Gursky and Rineke Dijkstra.[3] From 2000 to 2005, Ruff taught Photography at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf.

Portraits In his studio between 1981 and 1985, Ruff photographed 60 half-length portraits in the same manner: Passport-like images, with the upper edge of the photographs situated just above the hair, even lighting, the subject between 25 and 35 years old, taken with a 9 × 12 cm negative, and because of the use of a flash without any motion blur. The early portraits were black-and-white and small, but Ruff soon switched to color, using solid backgrounds in different colors; from a stack of colored card stock the sitter could choose one color, which then served as the background.[4] The resulting Portraits depict the individual persons - often Ruff's fellow students -[5] framed as in a passport photo, typically shown with emotionless expressions, sometimes face-on, sometimes in profile, and in front of a plain background.[6] Ruff began to experiment with large-format printing in 1986, ultimately producing photographs up to seven by five feet in size (210 × 165 cm).[7] By 1987 Ruff had distilled the project in several ways, settling on an almost exclusive use of the full frontal view and enlarging the finished work to monumental proportions.[8] Art critic Charles Hagen, writing for the New York Times, commented: "Blown up to wall-size proportions, the photographs looked like gigantic banners of Eastern European dictators."[9]

Because he found the effect of the colors too dominate in these, Ruff chose a light and neutral background for the portraits he made between 1986 and 1991.[10] In a discussion with Philip Pocock (Journal for Contemporary Art, 1993), Ruff mentions a connection between his portraits and the police observation methods in Germany in the 1970s during the German Autumn. Indeed, while experimenting with composite faces in 1992, Ruff came across the Minolta Montage Unit, a picture generating machine, used by the German police in the 1970s to generate phantom pictures. Through a combination of mirrors, four portraits, fed into the machine, produce one composite picture.[11] Ruff started out reconstructing faces but soon found it more interesting to construct artificial faces, which often combine features of men and women, that do not, but could conceivably, exist in reality; this resulted in his "Anderes Porträt" series (1994-1995).[12]

Ruff intended that large groups of the approximately eight-by-ten-inch color portraits would be hung together, so to add variety he photographed each person against a colored backdrop.

Häuser[edit] The series Häuser was created between 1987 and 1991. Ruff's building portraits are likewise serial, and have been edited digitally to remove obstructing details – a typifying method, which gives the images an exemplary character. Of these Ruff notes, "This type of building represents more or less the ideology and economy in the West German republic in the past thirty years." Architects Herzog & de Meuron soon became aware of this form of architecture photography and invited Ruff to participate in their entry for the Venice Biennale of Architecture in 1991 with a photograph of their building for Ricola.[13]

In 1999 the artist made a series of digitally altered photographs of Modernist architecture by Mies van der Rohe. The series l.m.v.d.r. - the initials of the architect - began as a commission offered to Ruff in 1999–2000 in connection with the renovation of Haus Lange and Haus Esters in Krefeld, Germany. Having worked with architectural subject matter since the mid-1980s, Ruff was enlisted to photograph the Krefeld buildings as well as the Barcelona Pavilion and the Villa Tugendhat in Brno.[14][15]

Sterne, Nacht and Zeitungsfotos[edit] These first series were followed in 1989 by images of the night sky, Sterne, which were not based on photographs by Ruff, but rather on archived images ('Catalogue of the Southern Sky', including 600 negatives) he had acquired of the European Southern Observatory in the Andes in Chile. These photographs of the stars, taken with a specially designed telescopic lens, are described and catalogued with the precise time of day and exact geographic position. From these photographs, Thomas Ruff selected specific details which he then enlarged to a uniform grand scale.[16] In the years from 1992 to 1995, during the first Gulf War, Ruff produced his Nacht series (1992–96), night images of exteriors and buildings using the same night vision infrared technology developed for use, both military and in broadcast television, during the Gulf War. From 1994 to 1996, these were followed by Stereoscopy images, and another series in the 1990s, Zeitungsfotos, consisted of newspaper clippings enlarged without their original subtitles.

Nudes[edit] In 2003, Thomas Ruff published a photographic collection of "Nudes" with a text by the French author Michel Houellebecq. Ruff's images here are based on Internet pornography,[17] which was digitally processed and obscured without any camera or traditional photographic device.[18] In 2009, the Aperture Foundation in New York published jpegs, a large-scale book dedicated exclusively to his monumental series of pixilated enlargements of internet-culled images, all compressed using the standard JPEG format.[19][20] which intentionally uses JPEG artifacts. His Substrat series (2002–03), based on images from Japanese manga and anime cartoons, continued this exploration of digitally altered Web-based pictures. However, he alters and manipulates the source material such that the work becomes an abstraction of forms and colors with no visual memory of the original source material.[21] On February 7, 2011, one of his Nudes pictures appeared on the cover of New York Magazine.[22]

Aangeboden items
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Thomas Ruff - nk 12 kopen? Bied vanaf 2300!
Thomas Ruff - nk 12Fotografie
Geplaatst doormarilyn_de
Eindtijd 11-02-2023 om 21:15
Verzending Internationaal
Afmetingen50.2 cm x 40 cm (h x b)
IngelijstNiet Ingelijst

Aftersale items

Onderstaande items zijn mogelijk nog beschikbaar. U kunt eenmalig een bod uitbrengen in de aftersale.
Thomas Ruff - Doppelportrait, handsigniert auf xl-Kunstporstkarte kopen? Bied vanaf 196!
Thomas Ruff - Doppelportrait, handsigniert auf xl-KunstporstkarteGrafiek (handgesigneerd)
Geplaatst doormarilyn_de
Eindtijd 30-08-2022 om 22:45
Verzending Internationaal
Periode1945 t/m 1999
Thomas Ruff - Nudel und Maschinen mit Gefälligkeitssignatur kopen? Bied vanaf 240!
Thomas Ruff - Nudel und Maschinen mit GefälligkeitssignaturAffiches
Geplaatst doorFundgrube
Eindtijd 16-11-2022 om 21:15
Verzending Internationaal
Afmetingen84 cm x 59.5 cm (h x b)
IngelijstNiet Ingelijst
Thomas Ruff - Signiertes Ausstellungs-Plakat Nudes und Maschinen Kestner Gesellschaft kopen? Bied vanaf 149!
Thomas Ruff - Signiertes Ausstellungs-Plakat Nudes und Maschinen Kestner GesellschaftAffiches
Geplaatst doorrealeyecatchers
Eindtijd 18-12-2022 om 21:51
Verzending Internationaal
Periode2000 t/m Heden
Afmetingen84.0 cm x 59.5 cm (h x b)
IngelijstNiet Ingelijst
Thomas Ruff - Thomas Ruff, Zeitungsphotos, signiert und numeriert kopen? Bied vanaf 1000!
Thomas Ruff - Thomas Ruff, Zeitungsphotos, signiert und numeriertFotografie
Geplaatst doorFontana
Eindtijd 02-01-2023 om 22:11
Verzending Internationaal
TechniekDigitale Print
Afmetingen50 cm x 40 cm (h x b)
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Thomas Ruff - Thomas Ruff, Porträt I. Graw, signiert kopen? Bied vanaf 800!
Thomas Ruff - Thomas Ruff, Porträt I. Graw, signiertFotografie
Geplaatst doorAdriaanus
Eindtijd 02-01-2023 om 22:41
Verzending Internationaal
Afmetingen22.5 cm x 16.5 cm (h x b)
IngelijstNiet Ingelijst

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